SYDNEY, Aug 1 — Asian share markets got off to a slow start today as disappointing Chinese economic data fed doubts last week’s rally on Wall Street could be sustained in the face of determined policy tightening by global central banks.

China’s factory activity actually contracted in July as fresh virus flare-ups weighed on demand. The official manufacturing purchasing managers’ Index (PMI) fell to 49.0 in July, missing forecasts for 50.4.

That did not bode well for the raft of PMIs due this week, including the influential US ISM survey, while the July payrolls report on Friday should also show a further slowdown.

At the same time US data out Friday showed stubbornly high inflation and wages growth, while central banks in the UK, Australia and India are all expected to hike again this week.

“We expect the Band of England to step up monetary tightening with a 50bp hike at its August meeting. The increase in energy prices is likely to be the main driver,” warned analysts at Barclays.

“Central banks focus on the still strong inflation momentum and tight labour markets rather than signals of slowing growth. This could upset markets’ recent ‘bad news is good news’ view.” The caution was evident as MSCI’s broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan .MIAPJ0000PUS eased 0.1 per cent in sluggish early trade.

Japan’s Nikkei dithered either side of flat, while South Korea dipped 0.1 per cent. S&P 500 futures slipped 0.4 per cent and Nasdaq futures 0.3 per cent.

While US corporate earnings have mostly beaten lowered forecasts, analysts at BofA cautioned that only 60 per cent of the consumer discretionary sector had reported and it was under the most pressure given inflation concerns for consumers.

“Our bull market signposts also indicate it’s premature to call a bottom: historical market bottoms were accompanied by over 80 per cent of these indicators being triggered vs just 30 per cent currently,” BofA said in a note.

“Moreover, bear markets always ended after the Federal Reserve cut, which likely is at least six months away — BofA house view is for a first cut in 3Q23.”

A, not-so, dovish pivot

Bond markets have also been rallying hard, with US 10-year yields falling 35 basis points last month for the biggest decline since the start of the pandemic. Yields were last at 2.670 per cent, a long way from the June top of 3.498 per cent.

The yield curve remains sharply inverted suggesting bond investors are more pessimistic on the economy than their equity brethren.

The reversal in yields has taken some heat out of the dollar, which lost ground for a second week last week to stand at 106.010 on a basket of currencies, compared to its recent peak of 109.290.

The biggest decline came against the yen where speculators had been massively short and found themselves squeezed out by the sudden turnaround. The dollar was last down at ¥132.85, having shed a sharp 2.1 per cent last week.

The dollar fared better on the euro, which has a European energy crisis to contend with, and made hardly any headway last week. The euro was last at US$1.0221 (RM5.43), and short of stiff resistance around US$1.0278.

Jonas Goltermann, a senior markets economist at Capital Economics, was puzzled by the market’s dovish reading of last week’s 75-basis-point Fed hike.

“Our sense is that the risk-on response to the Fed is largely down to a combination of wishful thinking and stretched positioning,” he argued.

“In our view, there was little in Chair Powell’s remarks to suggest policymakers will abandon aggressive rate hikes while inflation remains so far above target,” he added.

“If we are right that markets have misread the Fed’s intention, the dollar will probably resume its rally before too long.”

For now, the drop in the dollar and yields has been a relief for gold which is up at US$1,762 an ounce after bouncing 2.2 per cent last week.

Oil prices drifted back as the market waited to see if this week’s meeting of Opec+ produced an increase in supply, even if only minor.

US crude eased 87 cents to US$97.75 per barrel, while Brent lost 77 cents to US$103.20. — Reuters