WASHINGTON, June 18 — US retail sales increased less than expected in May in May as lower prices for gasoline and motor vehicles weighed on receipts at service stations and auto dealerships.

Retail sales rose 0.1 per cent last month after a downwardly revised 0.2 per cent drop in April, the Commerce Department’s Census Bureau said today. Retail sales were previously reported to have been unchanged in April.

Economists polled by Reuters had forecast retail sales, which are mostly goods and are not adjusted for inflation, gaining 0.3 per cent in May. Retail sales have in recent months been distorted by an early Easter.

Nonetheless, the trend in sales growth has been slowing as higher prices and interest rates force households to prioritize essentials and cut back on discretionary spending.

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Banks are also tightening access to credit as lower income borrowers increasingly struggle to keep up with their loan payments. Though the labor market remains on a solid footing, it is becoming a bit difficult for people who lose their jobs to quickly find new work and wage increases are moderating.

Savings have also been whittled down. Still, the pace of spending is likely sufficient to sustain the economic expansion.

The Federal Reserve last week kept its benchmark overnight interest rate in the current 5.25 per cent-5.50 per cent range, where it has been since last July. US central bank officials pushed out the start of rate cuts to perhaps as late as December, with policymakers projecting only a single quarter-percentage-point reduction for this year. They, however, maintained their gross domestic product growth estimates.

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Retail sales excluding automobiles, gasoline, building materials and food services rose 0.4 per cent last month after a downwardly revised 0.5 per cent drop in April. These so-called retail sales were previously reported to have declined 0.3 per cent in April.

Core retail sales correspond most closely with the consumer spending component of GDP. Consumer spending increased at a 2.0 per cent annualized rate in the first quarter, helping to restrain the economy to a 1.3 per cent growth pace. Growth estimates for the second quarter are as high as a 3.1 per cent rate. — Reuters