SINGAPORE, May 24 — The dollar was set for its largest weekly rise in a month-and-a-half today as surprisingly strong US economic data has left markets on edge about the outlook for US inflation and interest rates.

US business activity in May accelerated to the highest level in just over two years and manufacturers reported surging input prices, prompting a pullback in US interest rate cut expectations and a rise in government bond yields.

The dollar is up almost 1 per cent this week on the Japanese yen to ¥157.04 (RM4.71), even though Japanese government bond yields have climbed too, scaling decade highs and clearing 1 per cent at the 10-year tenor.

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Japan’s core inflation slowed for a second straight month in April, meeting market expectations — and staying above the central bank’s target — at 2.2 per cent.

“It’s having very little effect on the yen,” said Martin Whetton, head of financial markets strategy at Westpac in Sydney. “The carry of holding dollars is far juicier,” he said, while policymakers’ rhetoric has also made traders nervous about inflation and the risk rate cuts would be distant or small.

Minutes from the Federal Reserve’s last meeting published this week showed a live debate among policymakers as to whether current rates were sufficiently restrictive to cool inflation.

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Traders have pushed out the timing of the first Fed rate cut to December.

Just 36 basis points’ worth of cuts are priced in for 2024 now, down from 50 bps — equivalent to two quarter-point cuts — a week ago.

Thursday’s business surveys from S&P Global supported the conviction among many traders that the Fed may keep rates higher for longer.

“Expansive growth is usually a good thing. But not for traders who are positioned for Fed cuts. And with PMIs pointing to firmer growth and potentially another round of inflation, hopes of beloved cuts have quickly evaporated, and — dare we say? — concerns of another hike may be brewing,” City Index strategist Matt Simpson said.

The euro was helped off a nine-month low to the pound on Thursday when a key European wage indicator picked up.

However, the moves were modest and the European Central Bank published a blog post highlighting one-off factors contributing to the wage rise. Rates markets still price a near 90 per cent chance the ECB cuts rates next month.

The euro was up 0.3 per cent at US$1.0843 (RM5.08), but was still down nearly 0.5 per cent for the week. Sterling held around two-month highs, trading at US$1.272, shrugging off weak British retail sales.

China started a second day of war games around Taiwan. China’s yuan held steady in the offshore market around 7.2584.

The New Zealand dollar has been underpinned by a hawkish shift in outlook from the Reserve Bank of New Zealand but remains 0.55 per cent down on the week at US$0.61095.

The US dollar index, which measures the dollar against a basket of six major currencies, was last up nearly 0.6 per cent on the week to just shy of 105, on course for its largest one-week rise since mid-April.

Later on, investors will be on the look-out for US durable goods orders and speeches from ECB and Federal Reserve policymakers — notably Fed Governor Christopher Waller on longer-term rates. — Reuters