NEW YORK, Feb 27 — Warren Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway Inc BRKa.N on Saturday said fourth-quarter profit swelled, boosted by gains in many of its businesses and common stock investments such as Apple Inc AAPL.O, and said annual earnings reached a record high.

Berkshire also signaled renewed confidence in its own stock, repurchasing US$6.9 billion (RM29 billion) in the quarter, and boosting total buybacks in 2021 to a record US$27 billion.

But the pace of buybacks has slowed, with Berkshire, whose share price is just 2 per cent below its record high, repurchasing just US$1.2 billion of stock in 2022.

In his annual letter to Berkshire shareholders, Buffett said buybacks make “good sense” when alternatives such as buying whole companies or more stocks appear “unattractive.”


He also expressed confidence in Berkshire’s dozens of operating businesses such as the BNSF railroad and Geico auto insurer, after having gone six years since a major acquisition and letting Berkshire’s cash stake swell to US$146.7 billion.

“Today, internal opportunities deliver far better returns than acquisitions,” Buffett wrote.

Quarterly operating income rose 45 per cent to US$7.29 billion, or approximately US$4,931 per Class A share, from US$5.02 billion a year earlier.


Analysts on average expected operating profit of US$4,251 per Class A share, according to Refinitiv I/B/E/S.

“Overall results looked good,” said Cathy Seifert, an analyst at CFRA Research with a “hold” rating for Berkshire. “Many industrial and consumer businesses benefited from the tailwind of an economic recovery.

She said 2022 could be tougher for top-line and margin growth because of inflationary pressure, including higher fuel and other input costs, and geopolitical pressure.”

For all of 2021, operating income rose 25 per cent to US$27.46 billion, topping the previous record US$24.78 billion set in 2018.

Net income more than doubled to US$89.8 billion, aided by the stock prices of Berkshire’s largest stock investments — Apple, Bank of America Corp BAC.N and American Express Co AXP.N — which each rose by more than one-third.

Buffett considers net income a misleading performance measure because it includes gains and losses from stock holdings, regardless of what Berkshire buys or sells.

Crashes affect Geico

Quarterly operating results benefited from improvement in property and casualty insurance operations, offset by rising accident claims at the Geico auto insurer as people drive more.

James Shanahan, an Edward Jones & Co analyst who rates Berkshire “buy,” said insurers are raising premiums to offset crash losses, and that higher premiums should be a “pretty strong catalyst” for improvement at Geico in 2022.

Seifert, however, said the deterioration in claims trends in life insurance “won’t turn around in the next couple of quarters. That affects underwriting profitability for reinsurers such as Berkshire.”

The BNSF railroad, one of Berkshire’s largest units, boosted profit 13 per cent, helped by higher shipping volumes of consumer products, industrial products and coal.

Profit also rose 11 per cent at Berkshire Hathaway Energy, as units including PacifiCorp and MidAmerican Energy reported benefiting from higher margins and increased income tax benefits.

Precision Castparts, an aircraft and industrial parts unit that took a US$9.8 billion writedown in 2020 as plane production and air travel plummeted, boosted full-year pretax earnings 79 per cent after eliminating more than 13,000 jobs, though revenue fell 8 per cent.

A quick recovery for Precision’s aerospace business isn’t likely, Berkshire said, citing supply chain disruptions and Boeing Co’s BA.N ”significant inventory levels” following quality issues with its 737 and 787 planes.

Berkshire’s share price rose 30 per cent in 2021, topping the 29 per cent gain in the Standard & Poor’s 500 .SPX including dividends, and ending two years of significant underperformance relative to that index. They are also outperforming in 2022. — Reuters