JANUARY 25 — During its free time, other than fielding criticisms on the ever ballooning debt of #1MDB to the RM2.6-4 billion donation received, the government busies itself negotiating the TPPA.
Hence Malaysia involved itself for five long years - to participate in an ostensibly 21st century trade agreement. Unfortunately, the secrecy shrouding the process over the last four years coupled with an archaic engagement process were akin to the 12th century.
Granted, the text is now publicly available, but we are given merely sixty days to fully comprehend over 6,350 pages of legal and trade jargon. The suspense and climactic confusion ends this 26-27 January when a parliamentary charade of ‘debating’ its virtues takes place.
I would commend Trade Minister Dato Seri Mustapa Mohamed’s laudable efforts at engaging the opposition in a setting that is devoid of much accountability.
In the year 2013 I had the thankless task of convincing UMNO big wig legislators to agree to the set up of a caucus. That earned us - YBs Wong Chen, Dato Takiyuddin, Dr Jeyakumar and Charles - 15 sessions with the Minister, and a couple more with Michael Froman which, at times came with more disclosure than his Malaysian counterpart.
By the time Minister Datuk Seri Mustapa independently dissolved the caucus, we were left wondering what the purpose of engaging in a caucus was about.
Requests made by Opposition Legislators in the TPPA caucus; to translate the final negotiated text into Bahasa Malaysia for the benefit of many native speakers in the country, and seek an audience with the Attorney General’s chambers for further redress on the list of laws to be affected went unheeded.
In the end, we were only made aware of the 26 laws requiring changes in order to accede to the TPP through media reports - and well after the Minister had dissolved our grouping.
Debating the TPP is a step in the right direction even though free trade agreements do not require parliamentary scrutiny or approval. They merely need the cabinet’s nod. This flawed process in itself should be reformed.
Furthermore, in our climate where government, or Prime Minister, knows best, much is lost by way of accountability and good governance.
Unfortunately, for us, the upcoming 26-27 January parliamentary session will favor what the Prime Minister wants as the ruling MPs have never voted based on conscience. There will be a solid block support by BN legislators in favour of the TPP. The charade in parliament becomes a wasteful exercise instead of a meaningful opportunity to sufficiently address structural weaknesses in our economy – be it our penchant for rent seekers, premature deindustrialization, cronystic practices and the lack of effective prosecution as deterrent to corruption.
After all, even investigations under the Public Accounts Committee can be easily throttled; and its investigations halted midway – all based on whim and fancy of the Prime Minister.
The TPPA under a government led by Datuk Seri Najib Razak will not solve our impending economic woes - be it inequality, cost of living, inflation, employment, technology transfer and the number one issue afflicting Malaysia - the culture of impunity by corrupt high officials. By 2014, we ranked 50th among 170 countries in Transparency International’s Corruption Index; dropping 14 places from 2001.
In 2010, the UNDP conducted a study on the impact of the TPP on Malaysia. Their findings then showed that Malaysia will benefit from the TPP; albeit with a similar conclusion that benefits can be accrued without signing the TPP - ie through tariff removals.
Four years later, Rashmi Banga, a senior economist at UNCTAD came with a study that showcased the erosion of trade balance - substantially by RM5 billion per year with the signing of TPPA.
And last month, MITI commissioned PWC came out with a CBA that showed more or less the same results. The CBA exhibits that minimal gain of 0.13 per cent GDP growth is achieved from tariff cuts.
An assumption of 50 per cent non-tariff measures cut will achieve a total of 1.15 per cent GDP growth in 9 years. However, trade balance is to be reduced substantially by 30 per cent from USD42 billion to USD29.7billion.
As such, the TPPA beckons a closer look on the non-tariff measures that could ostensibly be beneficial to us - between the reduction ranges of 25 percent to 50 percent. But these are mere estimates, to be determined by the extent of compliance by all TPPA member countries.
Even then, these studies have yet to show any solid gains in developmental growth of this country. Furthermore, the studies come with numerous assumptions and there is a need to seriously spend more efforts to understand the effect of TPPA on Malaysia.
Yet, the two commissioned studies by the government have not sufficiently addressed the real costs of TPPA which will come in the form of corporate lawsuits via ISDS; the reduced access to generic medicines; and the effect of opening up our government procurement whilst maintaining the loophole for
status quo’s selective few.
After all, the disclaimer from the CBA report shows that the reports should only be used for the purpose of its intended paymaster - MITI. And MITI answers to its own political master, who also is the Advisor to #1MDB, Datuk Seri Najib Razak.
Concerns raised from economist Joseph Stiglitz and specifically, Malaysia’s own Jomo Kwame Sundaram were met with swift rebuttals by MITI’s affiliates, instead of being brought to the table for deeper scrutiny and discussion.
Jomo’s warnings on the decline in welfare and increased inequality for Malaysians post TPPA implementation should serve as a strong reminder to Putrajaya to put the TPP on the backburner. At the least, it should stop the BN federal government to bulldoze the agreement.
Remember when we chose to exit from the US-FTA agreement back in 2008, 58 redlines were identified as the main reason for not signing. Whatever happened since then? Where is the sufficient disclosure on the process of negotiations and deliberations?
Even the postponement granted before liberalising government procurement allows for protection for construction for at least 20 years whilst the smaller goods and services are only protected for 7 to 9 years. Clearly, there is selective treatment here at play.
Additionally, the burdensome Public Private Partnerships (PPP) is not subjected to the government procurement provisions under the TPPA. Are we to expect the usual ‘lopsided contracts via direct nego’ to continue? The TPP may very well succeed in throttling reforms rather than encouraging it.
As it stands, my colleagues and I will not be able to vote in favour of the TPP. We ask for more time before we can commit to this unchartered 21st century trade and investment pact. We are not convinced that the benefits will outweigh the costs. We cannot trust the government of the day with the mandate to sign on to the TPPA.
* Nurul Izzah Anwar is the MP for Lembah Pantai.
** This is the personal opinion of the writer or publication and does not necessarily represent the views of Malay Mail Online.