WASHINGTON, Nov 4 ― World shares climbed yesterday as US Treasuries rose and the curve steepened after the US Federal Reserve, as expected, approved plans to begin scaling back its bond-buying stimulus programme this month and end it by June.

The pan-European STOXX 600 index rose 0.35 per cent and MSCI's gauge of stocks across the globe gained 0.45 per cent as investors digested the decision taken amid a surge in inflation.

Wall Street hit closing record highs, with the benchmark S&P 500 advancing 0.65 per cent. The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 0.29 per cent while the Nasdaq Composite added 1.04 per cent.

The Fed also maintained its assessment that high inflation would prove “transitory” and likely not require a fast rise in interest rates.

The Tokyo bourse was closed for a public holiday while MSCI's broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan closed 0.03 per cent lower.

The benchmark 10-year yield, which fell to a 2-1/2-week low of 1.519 per cent earlier in the session, climbed to a session high of 1.602 per cent. It was last up 4.2 basis points at 1.5893 per cent.

John Canavan, lead analyst at Oxford Economics, said while the wording in the Fed's meeting statement provided “some acknowledgement of the uncertainty regarding the transitory nature of inflation,” the central bank continued to espouse the transitory view.

At the end of its two-day meeting yesterday, the Fed said monthly US$120 billion (RM498.4 billion) purchases of Treasuries and mortgage-backed securities would be trimmed by US$15 billion a month starting this month, with plans to end the programme in 2022.

Oliver Pursche, a senior vice president at New York-based Wealthspire Advisors, said yesterday's market reaction indicated that the Fed announcement was very much in line with investor expectations.

“It's also leading me to think ... we can probably expect one, maybe two, rate hikes tops in late 2022, which is less than many had kind of priced in,” said Pursche, adding that he views “a lot of (future Fed) actions are going to be predicated on continued economic improvement and the inflation outlook.”

Boosted by fiscal and monetary stimulus, global stocks have thrived during the economic rebound after the recession triggered by the first wave of Covid-19 infections in 2020.

Fed officials are trying to maintain a difficult balancing act by giving the economy as much time as possible to recover while tightening policy soon enough to contain inflation.

Meanwhile, the US job market may have improved enough by the middle of next year to be considered at “maximum employment,” Fed Chair Jerome Powell said yesterday after its policy meeting.

Officials did not see “troubling increases” in workers' wages that might raise the risk of a wage-price spiral developing that could force the Fed to act sooner than expected to contain inflation, he added.

Better-than-expected third-quarter earnings also have helped lift sentiment for equities.

Meanwhile, European Central Bank President Christine Lagarde pushed back on market bets on an interest rate hike as soon as next October, saying it was “very unlikely” such a move would happen in 2022.

Fixed income investors are also eager to find out whether the Bank of England will today become the first major central bank to raise borrowing costs after the coronavirus crisis.

The dollar index softened after the Fed statement, hitting a session low before reversing some of the losses and fell 0.267 per cent.

The euro was last up 0.28 per cent at US$1.1609.

Ether, the world's second-largest cryptocurrency, hit an all-time high yesterday, catching up with bitcoin's rally and riding on news of wider blockchain adoption.

US crude stocks and distillate inventories rose while gasoline inventories fell, the Energy Information Administration said yesterday.

Crude inventories rose by 3.3 million barrels in the week to October 29 to 434.1 million barrels, compared with analysts' expectations in a Reuters poll for a 2.2 million-barrel rise.

US crude recently fell 4.67 per cent to US$79.99 per barrel and Brent was at US$81.20, down 4.15 per cent on the day.

Spot gold dropped 0.9 per cent to US$1,770.62 an ounce. ― Reuters