SYDNEY, April 4 ― Asian shares rallied today as US rate cuts remained on the menu, even if their timing was unclear, while the yen slid against everything except the dollar and boosted Japanese stocks.

There was also action in commodities as gold reached another record, oil a five-month peak and copper a 13-month top, helping lift shares in basic materials and energy companies.

Some of these gains were due to supply disruptions and geopolitical tensions, but they also reflect optimism about global growth given a recovery in recent factory surveys (PMI), particularly for China.


“Steady improvement in manufacturing surveys throughout last quarter point to momentum improving broadly in the coming months,” wrote analysts at JPMorgan in a note.

“The global manufacturing output PMI moved further into expansionary territory in March, reflecting largely positive results across the major economies,” they added. “Global business confidence is on the mend.”

MSCI's broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan added 0.4 per cent, though a holiday in China made for thinner trading conditions.


Tokyo's Nikkei bounced 1.5 per cent as the yen fell, with the materials, industrials, and energy sectors leading the way.

EUROSTOXX 50 futures and FTSE futures were little changed in early trade. S&P 500 futures rose 0.2 per cent and Nasdaq futures 0.3 per cent.

Sentiment was aided by a reaffirmation from Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell that U.S. rates were still on course to be cut this year, though the timing was data dependent.

The case for easing was underpinned by a survey of the US services sector which showed its index of prices paid fell to the lowest since March 2020, offsetting a worrying rise in the survey of manufacturing released early this week.

That also outweighed a surprisingly strong ADP report, which showed private sector jobs rose 184,000.

While this series has a patchy correlation to the official payrolls report due on Friday, it was strong enough for Goldman Sachs to revise up its forecast for payrolls by 25,000 to a solid 240,000.

Such an outcome would top the median forecast of 200,000 and could lead markets to again pare the chance of a June rate cut.

Pricing fewer cuts

Fed fund futures have already lowered the chance of a June move to 62 per cent from 74 per cent a month ago.

Yet the bigger shift has been in how fast and far rates are expected to fall, with roughly 73 basis points priced in for this year compared to more than 140 basis points in January.

Investors have also taken 100 basis points of easing out of 2025, so that rates are now seen ending next year around 4 per cent rather than 3 per cent.

That sea change has left Treasuries under water, with 10-year yields hitting a four-month high of 4.429 per cent yesterday before easing back a little to 4.356 per cent.

The rise in yields has been generally supportive of the dollar, though it did lose some ground following yesterday's US services survey.

That left the euro at US$1.0840 (RM5.12), after rallying 0.6 per cent overnight, while the dollar index stood at 104.21 having fallen 0.5 per cent the previous session.

While the risk of Japanese intervention kept the dollar at ¥151.60 and shy of the 152.00 barrier, other currencies were not so inhibited and the yen fell sharply elsewhere.

The euro was up at ¥164.34, having climbed 0.7 per cent yesterday to recover four days of losses, and the Canadian dollar reached a 16-year high at ¥112.31.

Gold extended its sparkling run to reach a fresh record at US$2,302 an ounce. The metal has climbed 12 per cent since the start of February, driven in part by buying from momentum funds and commodity trading advisers (CTAs).

Oil prices have also been on a tear as Ukraine's attacks on Russian refineries have cut fuel supply and amid concerns that the Israel-Hamas war in Gaza may spread to include Iran, possibly disrupting supplies from the Middle East.

A meeting of top ministers from the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (Opec) and its allies including Russia, kept oil supply policy unchanged yesterday and pressed some countries to boost compliance with output cuts.

Brent LCOc1 added another 30 cents to US$89.65 a barrel today, while U.S. crude CLc1 rose 30 cents to US$85.73 per barrel. ― Reuters