EU takes Italy to task over high debt

Italy’s Deputy Prime Minister Matteo Salvini addresses a major rally of European nationalist and far-right parties ahead of EU parliamentary elections in Milan May 18, 2019. — Reuters pic
Italy’s Deputy Prime Minister Matteo Salvini addresses a major rally of European nationalist and far-right parties ahead of EU parliamentary elections in Milan May 18, 2019. — Reuters pic

BRUSSELS, May 29 — The EU warned Italy over its soaring debt today, putting Brussels on a collision course with Italy’s far-right coalition government.

In a letter seen by AFP, the European Commission said that the Italian government was in breach of EU budget rules for running excessive debt and asked for “clarifications” within two days.

“Based on notified data for 2018, Italy is confirmed not to have made sufficient progress towards compliance with debt criterion in 2018,” the EU letter said.

The request by the executive arm of the European Union infuriated Rome and rekindles a long process that could see Italy’s government hit with unprecedented sanctions for running a huge debt and breaking spending promises to the EU.

Italy’s far-right Deputy Prime Minister Matteo Salvini yesterday dismissed the warning, adding that he expected Brussels to sanction his country for its deteriorating deficit and huge debt by imposing a fine of €3 billion (RM14 billion).

“Gentlemen of Brussels, the time is over for little letters, reminders that say you are bad ... and should remain unemployed for 10 years because that is the European rule,” Salvini said.

“Let us recover our right to growth and the future,” he said in Rome.

‘Fiscal shock’

After his crushing victory in the European elections, where he won 34 per cent of the vote, Salvini stressed the need for a “fiscal shock” to revive the country.

This includes tax cuts that he said would cost €30 billion.

“All my energy will be used to change these old rules,” said Salvini.

Italy’s colossal public debt stands at 132.2 per cent of GDP in 2018.

This is well above the 60 per cent threshold set by European rules and next week the commission is expected to recommend opening an “excessive deficit procedure” as punishment.

The opening of such a procedure, which needs to be validated by EU finance ministers, could result in financial sanctions of up to 0.2 per cent of Italian GDP, which corresponds to the €3 billion mentioned by Salvini.

The populist-far right coalition in Italy, which brings together the League and the Five Star Movement, had already been in conflict with Brussels at the end of last year over Rome’s big-spending 2019 budget, which the commission rejected in a historic first.

Both sides finally softened their positions to reach a compromise, but in the commission’s latest economic forecasts, published in early May, Italy was the worst economic performer in the eurozone, with growth well below other countries and debt at a record level.

The spread, the closely watched premium asked by investors for Italian versus German debt and a good indication of market concern, has widened sharply over the past three days given the tensions with Brussels.

It went from 2.67 percentage points last week to 2.87 today, after hitting a peak of 2.92. — AFP