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BERLIN, Jan 26 — Germany’s domestic security agency is on the verge of announcing whether it will place the far-right AfD under surveillance for posing a threat to democracy, dealing a potential blow to the anti-immigration party in a key election year.
After a two-year investigation and a report totalling over 1,000 pages, the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution (BfV) is to decide in the coming days if the Alternative for Germany (AfD) will be classed as a “suspected case” of ties to right-wing extremism.
The classification would allow intelligence agents to shadow the party, tap its communications and possibly use undercover informants.
The anti-Islam, hard-right AfD has often courted controversy by calling for Germany to stop atoning for its World War II crimes. Senior figure Alexander Gauland once described the Nazi era as just “a speck of bird poo” on German history.
The agency’s decision comes at a sensitive time for the AfD. While it is the largest opposition party in parliament, it has seen its popularity fall as the pandemic has kept the spotlight firmly on Chancellor Angela Merkel’s ruling coalition parties.
AfD leader Joerg Meuthen has vowed to take legal action if the BfV decides to begin surveillance, accusing the government-run agency of playing politics in what pundits have dubbed a “super election year” in Germany.
The AfD faces six regional elections this year and a general election on September 26, the first in over 15 years that will not feature Merkel.
The first regional test will come with state polls on March 14 in Baden-Wuerttemberg and Rhineland-Palatinate. Support for the AfD is hovering around 10 percent in both states.
The AfD started out as an anti-euro outfit in 2013 before capitalising on public anger over Merkel’s 2015 decision to allow in a wave of asylum seekers from conflict-torn countries including Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq.
The AfD took nearly 13 percent of the vote in the 2017 general election, allowing it to make its debut in the lower house of parliament.
But the party has long been locked in an internal battle between an extremist faction and populist, conservative members who are wary of scaring off mainstream voters.
The BfV already placed a radical fringe of the party known as The Wing under surveillance last year over associations with known neo-Nazis and suspicions of violating the constitution.
The faction, led by firebrand Bjoern Hoecke, dissolved itself last March but many of its 7,000 members remain active in the AfD.
“This gives rise to doubts about whether they really lost influence,” Der Spiegel weekly said.
Hoecke, the AfD’s leader in Thuringia state, once referred to Germany’s Holocaust Memorial in Berlin as “a monument of shame” and has called for a “180 degree reversal” in the country’s remembrance culture.
The AfD’s Thuringia branch and another one in Brandenburg have also been designated as “suspected cases” of right-wing extremism by the BfV.
Spiegel reported on Monday that the Saxony-Anhalt state branch had also been placed under surveillance. The BfV office there could not immediately be reached for comment.
Concern about the AfD has grown after the country suffered a string of right-wing, anti-Semitic attacks in recent years. The risk of violence from Germany’s far-right scene is now considered the top security threat.
AfD chief Meuthen has struggled to rein in the party’s more radical figures, telling a congress in November that they would not win voters by being “increasingly crude (and) aggressive”.
He also rubbished comparisons of the current coronavirus restrictions with a “dictatorship”, as AfD parliamentary group co-leader Gauland had done.
Nevertheless, more than a few of the AfD’s 35,000 members are believed to harbour extremist sympathies.
One of them, Andreas Kalbitz, was the head of the AfD in Brandenburg before he was kicked out for hiding his past membership in a neo-Nazi youth group.
“The AfD could be declared a suspected case because it is dominated by the radical wing of the party, whose influence has only grown in recent months,” political scientist Hajo Funke of Berlin’s Free University told AFP.
As for the party’s chances at the ballot box in 2021, Funke said “endless” infighting had left the AfD without clear policies, settling instead on “simply saying the opposite of whatever the government proposes”. — AFP