BRUSSELS, March 13 — The European Union offered Britain “solidarity” yesterday after London accused Russia of a nerve agent attack on British soil, but held off any threat of new sanctions as Prime Minister Theresa May considers her own response.
Coming a year before Britain quits the EU, and after four years of fractious internal debates in Brussels on existing penalties against Moscow over the Ukraine crisis, the case poses a test for pledges of post-Brexit security cooperation.
Asked whether the EU might be ready to impose sanctions on Russia if, as May alleged yesterday, it agreed that it was “highly likely” that Moscow was behind the attack on a former Russian double agent, a senior member of the executive European Commission told reporters that London could count on Brussels.
“We are very much concerned with the situation, also the findings the UK has so far,” Valdis Dombrovskis, the Commission vice president overseeing the euro, said. “Of course the UK can count on EU solidarity in this regard.”
A former prime minister of ex-Soviet Latvia, Dombrovskis did not elaborate.
Two senior EU diplomats told Reuters that Brussels would wait until Britain itself has taken a view on how to respond before making any policy moves of its own. EU foreign ministers are due to debate Russia policy yesterday.
“Provided the UK government is able to provide more specific information then we can decide what steps to take,” one said.
The EU’s foreign affairs service has yet to respond to requests for comment, although an ally of German Chancellor Angela Merkel said that there should be a joint Western response if Russia fails to cooperate with the British inquiry.
France’s member of the EU executive, Economics Commissioner Pierre Moscovici, was cautious in his response when asked about the possibility of new sanctions: “Of course we pay a lot of attention to that,” he said of the British inquiry.
‘We stand with you’
Commission deputy head Frans Timmermans told the European Parliament yesterday the EU stood by Britain. He tweeted: “I want to express my strong feelings of solidarity with the British people and the British government. We stand with you.”
Britain itself has yet to make clear its response to the attempted murder of Sergei Skripal 10 days ago but May has given Russian President Vladimir Putin until the end of today to explain how the Soviet-developed toxin was used in Salisbury.
Speaking for the Nato military alliance, Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said the use of any nerve agent was “horrendous and completely unacceptable”.
A spokeswoman for US President Donald Trump refused to blame Russia for an attack on what she called Washington’s “closest ally” but Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said he was confident in May’s assessment of Moscow’s role and promised that there should be “serious consequences”.
Debate in Europe and across the Atlantic focuses attention on Britain’s future ability to call on allies for support as it severs ties with the European Union while remaining in Nato.
However, many EU leaders who lament the departure of one of the bloc’s biggest economies and military powers have pledged repeatedly not to let differences damage security cooperation.
Guy Verhofstadt, the European Parliament’s Brexit coordinator, a fierce critic of Britain’s decision to leave, tweeted: “We stand shoulder to shoulder with the British people.
“It must be made clear that an attack against one EU and Nato country is an attack on all of us.”
The 28 EU member states been united on sanctions on Moscow since Russia’s annexation of Crimea in 2014 but six-monthly rollovers, which require unanimity, have been subject to grumbling from some countries seeking warmer relations with Russia. Notable among these have been Italy, Hungary and Greece.
One set of sanctions was renewed yesterday.
Britain would be free to impose some new sanctions, for example denying entry to Russian individuals, but would be very limited in its ability to, say, bar more Russian imports as EU trade policy is centralised in Brussels and will remain so, probably, for a couple years after Brexit in March 2019. — Reuters