SINGAPORE, July 26 — Faced with intense competition and tighter regulation, Singapore-headquartered home-sharing platform Roomorama.com — which once boasted an inventory of hundreds of thousands of properties around the world, ranging from villas and designer homes to castles and even caves — has ceased operations.
Set up in 2009 by Singaporean Teo Jia En, 35, and her Italian husband Federico Folcia, 38, Roomorama announced last week on its website that it has stopped accepting bookings, while it mulls over its future.
“Increasing competition and regulatory headwinds have made it ever more challenging to operate in this industry,” it said, adding that all existing bookings will be honoured.
Roomorama is the second high-profile casualty in the industry here. In late-2015, PandaBed was shut down after only three years. Following Roomorama’s announcement, there are three major players left in Singapore: Airbnb, HomeAway and MetroResidences.
Founded in August 2008, Airbnb is the largest global home-sharing rental platform, and the United States-based company — which set up an office in Singapore in 2012 — was valued at US$30 billion (RM128 billion) as of last year. In 2013, Nasdaq-listed HomeAway acquired homegrown start-up travelmob to establish a presence here.
Roomorama and HomeAway did not reply to TODAY’s queries, while Airbnb declined to comment.
MetroResidences was started by Lester Kang, 34, in 2014, who was previously co-founder of PandaBed. Speaking to TODAY, he cited the challenges for local players, including the regulatory restrictions and the need for deep pockets to challenge the big boys.
“In the retail e-commerce business, you need a lot of money to build a strong brand perception to compete with a global player like Airbnb,” he said, noting that PandaBed did not succeed because of the huge financial outlay needed to gain customers.
Last month, the Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA) lowered with immediate effect the minimum stay in private housing to three months, from the previous six months. The revision applies to all private residential properties, and stay durations of less than three consecutive months, including short-term stays — such as those facilitated through home-sharing platforms — continue to be disallowed. Separately, the URA is reviewing possible guidelines to facilitate short-term rentals and intends to conduct a public consultation to seek feedback on the issue.
Kang noted that in other places such as Japan and Hong Kong, the minimum duration was one month. In order to survive, MetroResidences is seeking to carve out a niche, by targeting business travellers. “We felt that no one else was doing anything similar, which is connecting companies with homeowners. We are about 30 per cent cheaper than branded serviced apartments, and our list of apartments is carefully curated, as compared with Airbnb listings, where the quality can vary a lot,” said Kang. To date, MetroResidences has 400 listings, with about 800 corporate clients.
Roomorama’s woes came after a spectacular rise: In April 2012, Roomorama merged with Europe-based Lofty.com, a move that boosted its stable of properties to more than 300,000. The deal also saw the company receiving US$2.1 million.
Analysts TODAY spoke to noted how the development of the home-sharing sector mirrored the fortunes of the ride-hailing industry, where the cut-throat competition has caused companies to exit the Singapore market.
Economist Walter Theseira from the Singapore University of Social Sciences said that companies in the sharing economy will continue to face pressures from competitors and regulators. With the intense competition possibly forcing businesses to lower prices, “the question is whether existing business models can generate the profits needed”, he added.
The companies operate on different revenue models. Airbnb, for example, takes a cut from both the hosts and the guests for each transaction. Roomorama did not charge the hosts any fees, and earned money from guests, while MetroResidences levies a fee only on homeowners.
National University of Singapore Business School Professor Wong Poh Kam said: “Competition takes the form of trying to acquire as many users as possible, to be the last man standing. They have to spend as much as possible on two fronts — not just to grow, but also to build supply.”
Prof Wong noted that Roomorama did not have first-mover advantage, having entered the market later, and would have lost out in terms of grabbing market share.
Pointing out that consolidation is inevitable, Dr Theseira said: “The sharing economy markets have a winner takes all characteristic, as the value of the product rises with market share.” HomeAway, for instance, has acquired more than 20 other vacation rental sites in total, since its founding in 2005. By last year, it had over a million listings, and its revenues exceeded US$500 million in 2015. ― TODAY