HANOI, Jan 16 ― Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe today promised Vietnam six new patrol boats during a visit to the Southeast Asian country locked in a dispute with China over the busy South China Sea waterway.
Abe’s stop in Vietnam completes a tour through an arc of a region where Japan stakes a leadership claim in the face of China’s growing dominance and uncertainty over what policy change Donald Trump will bring as US president.
“We will strongly support Vietnam’s enhancing its maritime law enforcement capability,” Abe said, while emphasising that the dispute over the South China Sea should be settled through talks and in accordance with international law.
China claims almost all the South China Sea, through which about US$5 trillion (RM22.33 trillion) worth of seaborne trade passes every year. Vietnam and four other countries also have claims in the sea, believed to have rich deposits of oil and gas.
Tokyo has no territorial claims there, but worries about China’s growing military reach into the sea lanes. Japan has a separate dispute with China over a cluster of tiny islets in the East China Sea.
In September, Japan had said it was ready to provide new patrol boats to Vietnam after earlier supplying six old vessels.
Maritime security and trade have been key themes during Abe’s other stops ― in Indonesia, the Philippines and Australia.
Given the readiness of the Philippines under President Rodrigo Duterte to move closer to the Chinese and further from its traditional US ally, Vietnam is one of fewer regional states showing potential readiness to confront China.
Uncertainty over US policy in Asia was amplified last week by comments from Secretary of State nominee Rex Tillerson that China must stop building islands in the South China Sea and that its access to those islands must not be allowed.
Despite their differences, Vietnam also maintains a strong diplomatic track with China. China and Vietnam said at the weekend they had agreed to manage their maritime differences and preserve peace and stability.
Both Japan and Vietnam have also been strong supporters of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) free-trade pact which looks to have stalled in the face of Trump’s pledge to withdraw the United States.
In Hanoi, Abe stressed the importance of the TPP and other free trade agreements, but gave no further details.
The delegation signed a number of business agreements, including energy and textile projects and a project to help with the impact of climate change. Japan is Vietnam’s biggest foreign investor after South Korea. ― Reuters