NEW DELHI, Dec 21 — An eight-year-old boy and four protesters were killed in India yesterday in clashes between police and demonstrators, officials said today, as unrest over a controversial citizenship law rages into a second week.
The latest deaths took the nationwide toll from the violence to 20.
There has been growing disquiet about the law, which gives people from persecuted minorities from three neighbouring countries an easier path to citizenship, but not if they are Muslim.
Yesterday, demonstrations turned violent in India’s most populous state Uttar Pradesh, where Muslims make up almost 20 per cent of the 200-million population.
Police have so far said that the day’s unrest in Uttar Pradesh claimed 11 lives in total, including the child, who was trampled.
Uttar Pradesh police spokesman Shirish Chandra confirmed to AFP that the other 10 people died after being shot.
“Ten people were killed on Friday. All of them were bullet fatalities. We are looking into other cases,” Chandra said.
The boy had died after 2,500 people including children joined a rally in the holy city of Varanasi, district police chief Prabhakar Chaudhary told AFP.
“When the police tried to quell the protests, these persons ran for cover and a stampede-like situation emerged, in which this boy died,” Chaudhary said.
He added that police “exercised complete restraint against the crowds that engaged in attacking them with stones”.
The Times of India said the boy was playing in a lane with a friend when they were trampled by a crowd being chased by police.
Two deaths were in Uttar Pradesh’s Kanpur district, a spokesman for the district police chief told AFP.
Five other people in the state’s districts — two from Meerut, two from Muzaffarnagar and one from Bignor — died from gunshot wounds, medical and police officials told AFP yesterday.
A sixth death was confirmed by police in Firozabad city yesterday. The locations of the other deaths have not been revealed by authorities.
Critics say the law discriminates against Muslims and is part of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Hindu-nationalist agenda, but he has repeatedly denied the claims.
Authorities have scrambled to contain the situation, imposing emergency laws, blocking internet access, and shutting down shops and restaurants in sensitive pockets across the country.